The Roman Army A to Z: militia

militia (f. pl. militiae)

Military service (CIL III, 6687); m. equestris: the military postings of an equestrian (to both legionary and auxiliary units) (AE 1956, 252); m. prima: the first military posting for an equestrian as praefectus to command a quingenary auxiliary cohors (CIL XIV, 2947); m. secunda: the second military posting for an equestrian as a tribunus angusticlavius in a legion (AE 2003, 1803; CIL VI, 2131); m. tertia: the third military posting for an equestrian as praefectus of a cavalry ala (AE 1955, 228); m. quarta: a fourth, unusual, military posting for an equestrian to command one of the few milliary auxiliary units (CIL XIII, 6814; AE 1956, 124). [Goldsworthy 2003]

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The Roman Army A to Z: miles

miles (m. pl. milites)

A foot soldier or infantryman (Caes., BG 5.10; RIB 2181); m. gregarius: an ordinary (or common) soldier (Tac., Hist. 5.1; Cic., Planc. 30.72); m. praetorianus: a member of the praetorian guard (Tac., Hist. 2.44; CIL III, 5606; VI, 2442). In the later Roman period sometimes found as milix (e.g. CIL VI, 32980). See also eques [Goldsworthy 2003]

The Roman Army A to Z: mensor

mensor (m. pl. mensores)

Surveyor, responsible for laying out fortifications. Dig. 50.6.7; Veg., DRM 2.7; CIL VIII, 3028; m. agrarii: probably responsible for laying out territorium (CIL VI, 3606) and perhaps to be equated with the agrimensor of Amm. 19.11.8; m. frumenti (numeris): Possibly responsible for measuring out grain (CIL X, 130; XIII, 7007). See also metator. [Goldsworthy 2003]