About Mike Bishop

An archaeologist who walks, drives, cycles, flies, photographs, draws, writes about, and (once, in horizontal snow...) digs Hadrian's Wall, armed only with a trusty yet gleaming Creative Commons licence.

The Roman Army A to Z: ex acuminibus

ex acuminibus (Phr.)

Divination from electrical discharges from the tips of weapons. Cic., Div. 2.77. [Goldsworthy 2003]


The Roman Army A to Z: exactus

exactus (m. pl. exacti)

A clerk on the staff of an officium (CIL XIV, 2255; AE 1993, 1577); e. consularis: a clerk on the staff of an army commander (CIL XIII, 6738); e. exercitus: clerk serving on the staff of a provincial army (CIL VIII, 990); e. legionis: a clerk on the staff of a legion (CIL VIII, 2956); e. officii praesidis: a clerk on the staff of a praeses (CIL II, 4311). [Goldsworthy 2003]

The Roman Army A to Z: eques

eques (m. pl. equites)

1. A member of the equestrian order, for whom military service in the tres militiae formed part of their career structure as praefectus and tribunus (Suet., Claud. 25). 2. An auxiliary cavalryman serving in either a cohors equitata or an ala (RIB 121; 3185); e. alaris: a cavalryman in an ala (CIL VIII, 4800); e. cohortalis: a cavalryman in a mixed cohort (CIL VIII, 2532); e. legionis: a rider in a legion, normally used as messengers under the Principate (Arr., Ek. 5; Veg., DRM 2.2; AE 1913, 48; RIB 482); e. praetorianus: a cavalryman in a Praetorian cohort (CIL III, 13201); e. promotus: in the Late Roman army, a cavalryman in a unit originally detached from legionary cavalry (CIL XIII, 6823); e. singularis Augusti: a cavalryman in the bodyguard of the emperor, often of Batavian origin (CIL VI, 31173; XIV, 2952); likewise e. singularis imperatoris (CIL VI, 3262). See also miles [Goldsworthy 2003; Speidel 1994]