The Roman Army A to Z: spolia

spolia (n. pl.)

Booty captured from an enemy (Cic., Off. 1.18.61); s. opima: award rarely given to a general who had killed the enemy commander and stripped him of his armour (Cass. Dio 44.4; Plut., Marcell. 8.4). [Goldsworthy 2003]

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