The Roman Army A to Z: princeps

princeps (m. pl. principes)

1. A member of the second line of the pre-Marian Republican legio (Livy 8.8; Polyb. 6.23), equipped in a similar fashion to the hastatus; 2. senior centurio in an auxiliary unit (RIB 1982–3); p. castrorum: a senior centurio in the castra praetoria or castra peregrinorum (CIL VI, 354; XI, 7093a); p. posterior: the fourth centurio in a legionary cohors, third if the first cohort, but in both cases the centre rear (CIL III, 2883); p. praetorii: centurio in charge of an army commander’s staff or officium (AE 1933, 57); p. prior: the third centurio in a legionary cohors, second if the first cohort, but in both cases the centre front (CIL XI, 5992; AE 2006, 1480). [Goldsworthy 2003]

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