35. Where does the Vallum start and finish?

The eastern end of the Vallum was at Newcastle and the western at Bowness. It was not extended to Wallsend when the decision was taken to extend the curtain wall and ditch to that fort. Scholars have suggested the Tyne, which was so close to the Wall over this stretch, effectively served the same function.

Further reading: Breeze 2006; Symonds and Mason 2009