PLV Inscriptions (Rudchester to Haltonchesters)

Introduction

As might be expected, these are mostly centurial stones derived from the construction (and reconstruction?) of the curtain wall and its minor installations, but there is also an altar (RIB 1421) and a tombstone.

Inventory

RIB 1406: c(enturia) Imid[.]i (‘The century of Imid[… (built this)’). Centurial stone found 1953 reused in mithraeum. Source: RIB I p.458

RIB 1407: c(enturia) Iuv(enti) (‘The century of Iuventius (built this)’). Centurial stone found 1953 reused in mithraeum. Source: RIB I p.458

RIB 1408: c(enturia) […]isi / V[e]ri (‘The century of […]isius Verus’). Centurial stone found 1851 at the former Iron Sign Inn. Source: RIB I p.458

RIB 1409: coh(ortis) VIII / c(enturia) Fl(avi) Latini (‘From the Eighth Cohort, the century of Flavius Latinus (built this)’). Centurial stone found 1851 built into the former Iron Sign Inn. Source: RIB I p.458

RIB 1410: c(enturia) Hos(tili) / Lupi (‘The century of Hostilius Lupus (built this)’). Centurial stone found 1851 built into the former Iron Sign Inn. Source: RIB I p.458

RIB 1411: IX (‘9’). Building stone found 1732 on the north face of the curtain wall at High Seat, west of MC14. Now lost. Source: RIB I p.459

RIB 1412: c(enturia) Voco/ni Co[… (‘The century of Voconius Co[…] (built this)’). Centurial stone found 1732 built into the north face of the curtain wall at High Seat, west of MC14. Now lost. Source: RIB I p.459

RIB 1413: c(enturia) [H]uman[i] (‘The century of Humanius (built this)’). Centurial stone found 1807 built into a cottage at High Seat, west of MC14. Now lost. Source: RIB I p.459

RIB 1415: [c(enturia) Ca]ssi / [P]ris[ci (‘The century of Cassius Priscus (built this)’). Centurial stone found 1732 near Harlow Hill. Now lost. Source: RIB I p.459

RIB 1416: c(enturia) Turra/ni Prisci (‘The century of Turranius Priscus (built this)’). Centurial stone found 1732 near Harlow Hill. Source: RIB I p.460

RIB 1417: X (’10’). Building stone found 1732 near Harlow Hill. Now lost. Source: RIB I p.460

RIB 1418: coh(ortis) X / c(enturia) Sempron(i) (‘From the Tenth Cohort, the century of Sempronius (built this)’). Centurial stone found 1817 at Heddon vicarage (but thought to come from Harlow Hill). Source: RIB I p.460

RIB 1419: leg(io) II Aug(usta) f(ecit) (‘The Second Legion Augusta built this’). Building stone seen 1810 at Milecastle 17. Now lost. Source: RIB I p.460

RIB 1420: [Dis M}/anibus / Vilidedius / heres posuit (‘For the spirits of the departed, Vilidedius, his heir set this up’). Tombstone found 1840 near East Matfen. Source: RIB I p.460

RIB 1421: Matrib(us) / templ(um) / cum ara / vex(illatio) coh(ortis) I Vard(ullorum) / instante / P(ublio) D(…) V(…) / v(otum) s(oluit) l(ibens) m(erito) (‘For the Mother Goddesses, with this temple and altar, a detachment of the First Cohort of Vardulli, willing and deservedly fullfilled a vow through Publius D(…) V(…)’). Altar found 1931 in Milecastle 19. Source: RIB I pp.460-1

RIB 1422: coh(ors) IX (‘Ninth Cohort’). Building stone found 1937 at Halton Shields. Now lost. Source: RIB I p.460

Analysis

In C. E. Stevens’ (1966) scheme, Wall Miles 13 to 21 were built by the Second and Sixth Legions, his calculations partly based on RIB 1419 from Milecastle 17.

The altar (RIB 1421) found at Milecastle 19 was set up by cohors I Vardullorum, a unit that was based at Corbridge during the 2nd century AD. Was Corbridge contributing men to the Wall garrison (and, if so, does that mean the Wall establishment was under-strength)? We don’t know.

The tombstone of Vilidedius (RIB 1420), assuming it had not wandered too far, may also have come from one of the nearby milecastles (18 or 19)

Reference

Stevens, C. E. (1966) The Building of Hadrian’s Wall, Kendal

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