PLV Inscriptions (Burgh-by-Sands)

Introduction

As with other western sites on the Wall, Burgh has not exactly been over=productive in its epigraphy.

Inventory

RIB 2038: Deo / Bela/tuca(dro) (‘For the god Belatucadrus’). Altar found before 1769 in the vicarage garden at Burgh. Now lost. Source: RIB I pp.624-5

RIB 2039

RIB 2039

RIB 2039: Deo Belato/cadro Antr(onius) / Auf(idianus) posuit ar/am pro se et s/uis (‘For the god Belatucadrus, Antronius Aufidianus set up this altar for himself and for his family’). Altar found at Hallstones near Burgh. Source: RIB I p.625

RIB 2040: Herculi et / Numini / Aug(usti) coh(ors) / [… (‘For Hercules and the seity of the Emperor, the … Cohort …’). Altar found at Kiln Garth, NW of Burgh fort. Source: RIB I p.625

RIB 2041: I(ovi) O(ptimo) M(aximo) / coh(ors) [I] Nervan[a] / Germanorum / mil(liaria) eq(uitata) / cui praeest / P(ublius) Tusc[i]l(ius) CLND/ssinianu[s t]r[ib]u[n(us)] (‘For Iupiter Best and Greatest, the First Cohort of Nervan Germans, double strength, part mounted, which is commanded by Publius Tuscilius …]asianus, tribune (set this up)’). Altar found 1825 in the Eden ½ mile N of Beaumont. Source: RIB I p.625

RIB 2042: [I(ovi) O(ptimo) M(aximo)] / [e]t numinib/us Auggg(ustorum) n(umerus) / Maur(o)rum / Aur(elianorum) Valer/iani(anus) Gallie/ni(anus) q(uorum) c(uram) a(git) Fl(avius) / Vibianu/s trib(unus) coh(ortis) / [p(rae)]p(ositus) n(umeri) s(upra) s(cripti) i(n)st/[a]nte Iul(io) R/ufino pri/ncipe (‘For Iupiter Best and Greatest and the divinitiess of the two Emperors, the unit of Aurelian Moors, called Valerian’s and Galerian’s, Caelius Vibianus, cohort tribune in charge of the above mentioned unit, (set this up) under the direction of Iulius Rufinus, princeps‘). Altar found 1934 in a cottage in Beaumont. Source: RIB I p.625

RIB 2043: Deae / Lati / Lucius / Ursei (‘For the goddess Latis, Lucius Urseius (set this up)’). Altar found in 1843 at Fallsteads/Foldsteads 1 mile S of Kirkbampton. Source: RIB I p.626

RIB 2044: Marti / Belatu/cad(ro) sa(n)ct(o) / MATVSI (‘For Mars Belatucadrus the holy…’). Altar found in 1881 in Burgh by Sands church. Source: RIB I p.626

RIB 2045: …]ALA TVVP Po/s(tumius) Cen[s]orinus / [pro] salute sua / [et suorum] pos(uit) (‘… Postumius Censorinus set this up for the welfare of himself and his family’). Altar found before 1750 in Burgh. Source: RIB I p.627

RIB 2046: …] / Iul(ius) Pi[…]/tinus civ/es Dacus (‘… Iulius … a Dacian tribesman’). Tombstone found 1855 to the S of Burgh fort. Source: RIB I p.627

RIB 2047: [D(is)] M(anibus) s(acrum) / [… (‘Sacred for the divine shades…’). Tombstone fragment found with RIB 2046 in 1855. Source: RIB I p.627

RIB 2048: VII (‘7′). Fragment found with RIB 2046 in 1855. Source: RIB I p.627

Analysis

The worship of Belatucadrus (2038-9, 2044) is once again prominent and there is the usual crop of Jupiter altars set up by unit commanders (2041-2). We also find an altar to the rather unusual deity Latis, otherwise found at Birdoswald (1897). The Moors mentioned in 2042 recall the story in the Historia Augusta (Severus 22.4-5) about Septimius Severus’ ill-omened encounter with a black man near Hadrian’s Wall. Other residents from elsewhere in the empire included German troops (2041) and a Dacian (2046).

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