PLV Inscriptions (Stanwix to Burgh-by-Sands)

Introduction

The absence of consolidated lengths of curtain wall is again evident in the paucity of centurial inscriptions in this section.

Inventory

RIB 2031: c(enturia) Vesn(i) / Viator(is) (‘the century of Vesnius Viator (built this)’). Centurial stone found 1951 in the Eden. Source: RIB I p.622

RIB 2032: coh(ortis) / IIII / (h)asta(ti) (‘Fourth Cohort, (the century of the) hastatus (prior built this)’). Found 1939 in the keep at Carlisle Castle. Source: RIB I p.622

RIB 2033: coh(ortis) I c(enturia) p(rimi) p(ili) (‘First Cohort, the century of the primus pilus (built this)’). Centurial stone found 1949 in the River Eden opposite Stainton. Source: RIB I p.623

RIB 2034

RIB 2034

RIB 2034: …] / L(ucius) Iunius Vic/torinus Fl[av(ius)] / Caelianus leg(atus) / Aug(usti) leg(ionis) VI Vic(tricis) / P(iae) F(idelis) ob res trans / vallum pro/spere gestas (‘…Lucius Iunius Victorinus Flavius Caelianus, commander of the Sixth Legion Victrix Pia Fidelis (set this up) following successful events north of The Wall’). Altar found 1803 at Kirksteads. Source: RIB I p.623

RIB 2035

RIB 2035

RIB 2035: leg(ionis) XX / Val(eriae) Vi(ctricis) / [c]oh(ors) V (‘Twentieth Legion Valeria Victrix, Fifth Cohort (built this)’). Building stone found about 1820 in the Eden near Beaumont. Source: RIB I p.623

RIB 2036: …]SAC[…] / […]V[… (‘?’). Fragment found in 1886 behind a house in Beaumont. Source: RIB I p.624

RIB 2037: …]PA[…] / […]V[… (‘?’). Fragment found in 1886 behind a house in Beaumont. Source: RIB I p.624

Analysis

The few centurial stones (2031-3) probably date to the replacement of the Turf Wall in stone under Antoninus Pius.

The peltate terminal on the Twentieth Legion’s building stone (2035) betrays the fact that it too is Antonine in date, so belongs to the period between the return from the Antonine Wall and the Severan reconstruction.

By far the most interesting inscription is that on the altar set up by the commander of the Sixth Legion (2034) to mark successes ‘trans vallum‘ (beyond the Wall). This confirms other sources which refer to the Wall as vallum (rampart), not murus (wall) as might be expected.

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